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Book Title: Residencia En La Tierra - 275|
The author of the book: Pablo Neruda
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 712 KB
Date of issue: December 28th 1996
ISBN 13: 9789500301770
Read full description of the books Residencia En La Tierra - 275:Apenas ocurrida la revolucion que significo para la poesia espanola la voz americana de Ruben Dario aparece en Espana Residencia en la tierra, del chileno Pablo Neruda (1904-19731, Premio Nobel de Literatura 1971. Una vez mas iba a renovarse hasta las raices la poesia latinoamericana. Es con este libro donde comienza la etapa del nerudismo: designacion que se dio a sus numerosos seguidores. En su tiempo, fue definido por un critico chileno como 'enigmatica catedral en tinieblas' y, poco despues, el profesor Amado Alonso escribiria un lucido estudio especialmente dedicado a Residencia en la tierra. Hace notar Alonso que lo que sobrecoge 'es la certidumbre de que su atroz sentimiento no es una postura adoptada como buena para la construccion de hermosas poesias, sino que es integramente valedero, porque responde a una particularisima vision, nitida y desolada del mundo y la vida'. Residencia en la tierra es, sin lugar a dudas, una de las mas famosas y trascendentes obra de Neruda.
Read information about the authorPablo Neruda was the pen name and, later, legal name of the Chilean writer and politician Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto. Neruda assumed his pen name as a teenager, partly because it was in vogue, partly to hide his poetry from his father, a rigid man who wanted his son to have a "practical" occupation. Neruda's pen name was derived from Czech writer and poet Jan Neruda; Pablo is thought to be from Paul Verlaine. With his works translated into many languages, Pablo Neruda is considered one of the greatest and most influential poets of the 20th century.
Neruda was accomplished in a variety of styles ranging from erotically charged love poems like his collection Twenty Poems of Love and a Song of Despair, surrealist poems, historical epics, and overtly political manifestos. In 1971 Neruda won the Nobel Prize for Literature, a controversial award because of his political activism. Colombian novelist Gabriel García Márquez once called him "the greatest poet of the 20th century in any language."
On July 15, 1945, at Pacaembu Stadium in São Paulo, Brazil, he read to 100,000 people in honor of Communist revolutionary leader Luís Carlos Prestes. When Neruda returned to Chile after his Nobel Prize acceptance speech, Salvador Allende invited him to read at the Estadio Nacional before 70,000 people.
During his lifetime, Neruda occupied many diplomatic posts and served a stint as a senator for the Chilean Communist Party. When Conservative Chilean President González Videla outlawed communism in Chile, a warrant was issued for Neruda's arrest. Friends hid him for months in a house basement in the Chilean port of Valparaíso. Later, Neruda escaped into exile through a mountain pass near Maihue Lake into Argentina. Years later, Neruda was a close collaborator to socialist President Salvador Allende.
Neruda was hospitalized with cancer at the time of the Chilean coup d'état led by Augusto Pinochet. Three days after being hospitalized, Neruda died of heart failure. Already a legend in life, Neruda's death reverberated around the world. Pinochet had denied permission to transform Neruda's funeral into a public event. However, thousands of grieving Chileans disobeyed the curfew and crowded the streets. Neruda's funeral became the first public protest against the Chilean military dictatorship.
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