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Book Title: Göl İnsanları - Evrim Sürecinden Bir Kesit|
The author of the book: Richard E. Leakey
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 11.31 MB
Edition: TÜBİTAK Yayınları
Date of issue: October 1999
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Read full description of the books Göl İnsanları - Evrim Sürecinden Bir Kesit:A landmark book by Richard E. Leakey and co-author Roger Lewin first published in 1978. It documents the years that Leakey, an anthropologist and son of Louis and Mary Leakey, both also renowned in the field, spent following in their famous foot steps.
In a few short years during the 1970s, young Leakey, his wife Meave and their fossil hunting team, unearthed over 300 humanoid bones at Koobi Fora, on the shores of Lake Turkana in Kenya. They were remarkable finds, that told an even more remarkable story. Until this point, the general accepted theory was that our ancestors survived because we were male-dominated, and we bludgeoned to death all our rivals. If you have seen the beginning of Stanley Kubrick’s 1968 movie “2001: A Space Odyssey” you've seen this graphically portrayed.
But, in this book, Richard Leakey advances the theory that humankind survived not because we were brutish but because we were maternal; we learned to care for each other through reciprocal altruism.
“The ideal breeding ground for the evolution of reciprocal altruism is in a group of long-lived, egalitarian, social animals who remain close together throughout their lives. This means that altruistic acts can be repaid over a long period of time. You would not expect this type of behavior to emerge in creatures that rarely encountered each other, through whatever circumstance; there would simply be no opportunity to have a debt to repaid…over countless generations natural selection favored the emergence of emotions that made reciprocal altruism work, emotions such as sympathy, gratitude, guilt, and moral indignation,” writes Leakey and Lewin.
In short, Leakey was presenting the notion that our ability to care for one and other, the very core of our humanity, evolved millions of years ago along the shoreline of Lake Turkana and sites like it in Africa.
Read information about the authorRichard Erskine Frere Leakey is a paleoanthropologist and conservationist. He is second of the three sons of the archaeologists Louis Leakey and Mary Leakey, and is the younger brother of Colin Leakey.
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